ᴥThe Glazed ᴥ Crataegus monogyna, Hawthorn ᴥ Lofty 12

Crataegus monogyna, Hawthorn, is one of the most important edible plants of the Rosaceae family for its usage in traditional medicine. Growing evidence has shown that this plant has various interesting physiological and pharmacological activities due to the presence of several compounds that possess antioxidant properties; these compounds include chlorogenic acid, epicatechin, hyperoside, quercetin, rutin, vitexin, procyanidins and flavonoids, particularly flavonols and flavones [1]. Nell’Allegato 1 del Decreto Ministeriale del 9 gennaio 2019 si legge: Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Folium, flos, summitas cum floribus, fructus, surculi, semen. Fos, folium: Regolare funzionalità dell’apparato cardiovascolare. Rilassamento e benessere mentale. Antiossidante. Regolarità della pressione arteriosa.

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I giovani getti e i fiori, meno i frutti, godono di azione cardiotonica, sedativa, ipotensiva, spasmolitica e diuretica. In particular, Hawthorn can be used in the prevention and/or mitigation of cardiovascular diseases. In fact, it is able to reduce cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, thrombosis, etc., and has beneficial effects on cardiac functions [1].

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I frutti si possono consumare al naturale o in jams, juices, jellies, drinks, syrup and wine. The fruits can be also dried, ground, mixed with flour and used for making bread and other bakery products [2].

Giovanna Masini

Bibliografia

[1] Seved Fazel Nabavi, Solomon Habtemariam, Touqeer Ahmed, Antoni Sureda, Maria Daglia, Eduardo Sobarzo-Sànchez, Seved Mohammad Nabavi, Polyphenolic composition of Crataegus monogyna Jacq.: from chemistry to medical applications, “nutrients”, 2015;7(9):7708-7728

[2] Oguzhan Caliskan, Kazim Gunduz, Sedat Serce, Calil Toplu, Onder Kamiloglu, Memnune Sengul, Sezai Ercisli, Phytochemical characterization of several hawthorn (Crataegus spp.) species sampled from the Eastern Mediterranean region of Turkey, “Pharmacognosy Magazine”, 2012;8(29):16-21

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