Beautiful things are not always good ▪ Scilla bifolia, Early Spring Squill, pianta velenosa ⑪

Scilla bifolia is one of the earliest spring bloomers, with a small oblong bulb, from which proceed two dark-green, shining, linear, lance-shaped leaves; from between these arises the erect scape of violet-blue flowers.

All parts of Scilla bifolia especially bulbs and seeds, contain saponins, cardiotonic glycosides, particularly proscillaridin [1].

The intoxication included nausea, vomiting, seizures, hyperkalemia, atrioventricular block and ventricular arhythmias resembling digitalis toxicity [2].

Scilla bifolia, Early Spring Squill, poisonous plant.

Giovanna Masini

Bibliografia

[1] Luiza Balasoiu, Daniela Calina, Docea Anca Oana, Emilia Patru, Determination of cardiac glycoside in Scilla bifolia (Liliaceae) by two different analytical techniques: thin layer chromatography (TLC) and high performance liquid chromatography – mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS), “Journal of medicinal plant research”, 2013;7(42):3131-3138

[2] Yesim Tuncok, Omer Kozan, Caner Cavdar, Scilla bifolia toxicity, “Journal of toxicology. Clinical toxicology”, 1995;33(1):83-6

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